How to Invest in Hedge Funds in India?

How to Invest in Hedge Funds in India?

Are you looking to take your investment portfolio to the next level? Are you interested in exploring alternative options beyond traditional mutual funds? Look no further than hedge funds! These private investment partnerships are renowned for their potential to deliver higher returns, making them a coveted choice among experienced investors. But how to invest in hedge funds in India? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll walk you through everything you need about hedge fund investments and how to get started. So, fasten your seatbelts, and let’s dive into the exciting world of hedge fund investing in India!

What is a Hedge Fund?

How to Invest in Hedge Funds in India?

Hedge funds, as defined by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), are unregistered private investment partnerships that operate outside the regulatory framework of mutual funds. These funds have the flexibility to make investments and trade in numerous markets, strategies, and units, inclusive of securities, non-securities, and derivatives. Unlike mutual funds, hedge funds in India are not obligated to register with SEBI or disclose their Net Asset Values (NAVs) daily.

The types of hedge funds available vary based on the specific securities they invest in and the strategies employed to manage them. With this diverse range of options, investors can choose hedge funds tailored to their risk appetite and financial goals.

One notable distinction between hedge funds and mutual funds is that while mutual fund investments are open to all retail investors, hedge fund investments come with certain restrictions. In India specifically, these investment vehicles require a minimum investment amount of ₹1 crore per investor. This high entry barrier makes hedge fund investing inaccessible for most individuals.

Hedge funds offer precise possibilities for skilled investors seeking alternative avenues beyond traditional mutual fund investments in India. However, due diligence is essential when venturing into this realm, given its inherent complexities and associated risks.

Hedge Funds Vs. Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds and hedge funds are two distinct investment options available in the market. While mutual funds are regulated investment products that cater to the general public, hedge funds are exclusive investments reserved for accredited investors.

One key difference between these two types of funds lies in their accessibility. Mutual funds can be easily bought and sold by anyone on a daily basis, making them more suitable for individual investors seeking liquidity. On the other hand, hedge funds have stricter entry requirements, limiting participation to high-net-worth individuals or institutional investors.

Moreover, hedge fund managers often employ higher-risk strategies than mutual fund managers. They aim for greater returns by taking advantage of market volatility and employing complex investing techniques such as short selling or leveraging.

It is important to note that while hedge funds offer potentially higher returns, they also come with increased risks due to their aggressive investment approach. Investors considering hedge fund investments should carefully assess their risk tolerance and consult with financial advisors before proceeding.

Understanding the differences between mutual funds and hedge funds is essential for making informed investment decisions based on individual goals and risk appetite.

Who Should Invest in Hedge Funds?

how to invest in hedge funds in india

Hedge funds in India are often managed by top fund managers, automatically increasing their price tag. With a minimum investment requirement of ₹1 crore, these funds are not accessible to the general public. The high entry barrier makes it clear that investing in hedge funds is not for beginners.

In addition to the hefty price tag, hedge funds come with substantial risks. These investment vehicles operate on higher-risk strategies to achieve higher returns for their investors. If you’re considering investing in hedge funds, you should have substantial experience and knowledge in the field.

It’s crucial to note that you need more than just a hedge fund manager; you need someone you can completely trust and rely on when making investment decisions. Hedge fund investments involve significant tax obligations as well, adding another layer of complexity.

If you’re a beginner investor or need more experience and knowledge about hedge funds, it’s best to gain more expertise before diving into this type of investment.

Different Types of Hedge Funds Available in India

Different types of hedge funds are available in India, each offering unique investment strategies to cater to investors’ diverse needs and preferences.

  1. One popular type is Global Macro Hedge Funds, which capitalize on macroeconomic factors and financial conditions such as inflation rates to profit from market fluctuations.
  2. Another option is Relative Value Hedge Funds, which aim to generate higher returns by leveraging price differences between related securities. These funds carefully analyze various assets and identify opportunities where the prices do not accurately reflect their underlying value.
  3. For those interested in making an impact with their investments, Activist Hedge Funds provide a platform for investing in companies that take measures to address diverse demands. This can include initiatives like cost-cutting or restructuring of assets, allowing investors to support specific causes while potentially earning a return on their investment.
  4. Equity Hedge Funds focus on investing in global or domestic stocks to provide protection against equity market downturns. By selling overvalued stocks or stock indices when necessary, these funds seek stability during turbulent market conditions.

These different types of hedge funds offer investors various options for diversification and potential profitability based on their risk tolerance and investment objectives. It’s important for individuals considering hedge fund investments to thoroughly research each type and consult with financial professionals before making any decisions.

How to Invest in a Hedge Fund in India?

How to Invest in a Hedge Fund

Investing in a hedge fund is an attractive option for those looking to diversify their investment portfolio and earn higher returns. However, it’s important to note that hedge funds in India have high entry barriers and significant risks.

Hedge funds offer the potential for high returns and diversification, but they are complex investments with significant risks and high entry barriers. This guide will walk you through the key steps in investing in a hedge fund in India.

Step 1: Assessing Your Eligibility

  • Minimum Investment: Hedge funds in India require a minimum investment of ₹1 crore per investor, placing them out of reach for most individuals.
  • Accredited Investor Status: You must meet specific criteria set by SEBI, the Indian market regulator, to qualify as an accredited investor. This includes having a net worth of at least ₹2 crore or an income of at least ₹50 lakh per year.
  • KYC Compliance: Know Your Customer (KYC) verification is mandatory for all investors, requiring you to submit documents like your PAN and UID cards for verification.

Step 2: Understanding Hedge Funds

  • Types of Hedge Funds: Familiarize yourself with different hedge fund strategies, such as global macro, relative value, activist, and long-short equity. Each strategy employs distinct investment approaches and carries other risk profiles.
  • Benefits and Risks: Weigh the potential benefits of hedge funds, like high returns and diversification, against the associated risks, including high fees, liquidity limitations, and dependence on the fund manager’s performance.
  • Fees and Expenses: Understand the various fees associated with hedge funds, including management fees, performance fees, and redemption fees. These fees can significantly impact your overall returns.

Step 3: Finding the Right Hedge Fund

  • Researching Fund Managers: Conduct thorough research on the fund manager’s experience, track record, and investment philosophy. Look for managers with a proven history of generating consistent returns and managing risk effectively.
  • Analyzing Fund Performance: Evaluate the fund’s historical returns, risk-adjusted metrics like the Sharpe ratio, and benchmark comparisons. This will help you determine the fund’s effectiveness in achieving its investment goals.
  • Due Diligence: Carefully review the fund’s offering documents, investment strategy, and risk factors. Consult with a financial expert to understand the legal and regulatory components of the funding.

Step 4: Investment Process and Management

  • Subscription and Onboarding: Once you have chosen a hedge fund, complete the necessary subscription paperwork and transfer your investment funds.
  • Portfolio Monitoring: Track the performance of your hedge fund investment regularly. Communicate with the fund manager and adjust your portfolio allocation as needed.
  • Exit Strategy: Understand the lock-in periods associated with your investment and the options for withdrawing your funds.

Step 5: Tax Implications

  • Capital Gains Tax: Be aware of the capital gains tax rates applicable to profits earned from your hedge fund investment. These rates can vary depending on the holding period and the type of hedge fund.
  • Dividend Tax: Understand the implications of dividend distribution tax, which may apply to certain distributions received from your hedge fund.
  • Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) Category III: Hedge funds in India fall under the AIF Category III, which has its own taxation rules. Taxes are levied at the fund level, not directly passed through to investors.

In conclusion, investing in a Hedge Fund requires substantial capital commitment as well as careful consideration of various factors such as risk appetite, thorough research into different strategies offered by Hedge fund managers operating within Indian markets, and understanding how they are taxed under current regulations.

Minimum Investment in Hedge Funds in India

Minimum Investment in Hedge Funds in India

When investing in hedge funds in India, one must be prepared for the high entry barrier. Unlike traditional mutual funds, hedge funds require a significant minimum investment. In this case, the minimum investment fund required is ₹1 crore per investor. Additionally, the entire fund must have a minimum corpus of ₹20 crore.

The fee structure for hedge funds consists of two components: a management fee and a performance fee. The management fee is typically below 2%, while the performance fee is set at 20%. These fees contribute to covering the costs associated with managing and operating the fund.

While these high requirements may seem daunting to some investors, they serve as an indication of the exclusivity and sophistication that come with investing in hedge funds. The intention behind these higher barriers is to attract only serious investors who are willing and able to take on substantial risks associated with such investments.

Risks and Rewards of Investing in Hedge Funds

Investing in hedge funds can offer both risks and rewards, and these factors can vary depending on the specific fund and market conditions. In the case of investing in hedge funds in India, here are some key considerations:


  1. Volatility: Hedge funds often employ strategies that aim to generate high returns but can also result in increased volatility. This means that the value of your investment can fluctuate significantly in a short period of time.
  2. Lack of Regulation: Compared to traditional investment vehicles, hedge funds have fewer regulatory requirements, which can expose investors to potential risks. It’s crucial to thoroughly study the fund’s shape, method, and track record before investing.
  3. Capital Loss: There is a possibility of losing a portion, or even all, of your invested capital. The overall performance of hedge funds may be encouraged through different factors consisting of marketplace situations, economic developments, and the fund supervisor’s skill.
  4. Limited Transparency: Hedge funds often have limited transparency, with fund managers disclosing minimal information about their holdings and trading activities. This lack of transparency can make it difficult for investors to assess the risks efficiently.


  1. Potential for High Returns: Hedge funds are designed to generate superior returns by employing various investment strategies like long/short equity, event-driven, or global macro. Skilled fund managers can deliver significant profits even during volatile market conditions.
  2. Diversification: Investing in hedge funds can provide access to alternative investments and strategies not typically available through traditional investments. This diversification can reduce the overall risk profile of an investment portfolio.
  3. Professional Management: Hedge funds are managed by experienced investment professionals dedicated to finding unique investment opportunities. Their expertise and access to extensive research resources can potentially lead to higher returns.
  4. Sophisticated Risk Management: Hedge funds often employ advanced risk management techniques to protect investor capital. These strategies may include hedging, diversification, and active risk monitoring to mitigate potential losses.

When considering investing in hedge funds in India, it is critical to do thorough due diligence, understand the fund’s strategy, consider the fund manager’s recognition, and determine your own risk tolerance and funding goals. Consulting with a certified economic advisor can also provide guidance tailored to your particular instances.

How Do Hedge Funds Get Taxed?

How Do Hedge Funds Get Taxed

Hedge funds in India fall under the category III AIF (Alternative Investment Fund) and are subject to specific taxation rules. Unlike other investment vehicles, such as mutual funds, hedge funds do not benefit from being considered pass-through vehicles for tax purposes.

This means that the fund is responsible for paying taxes on its gains or income when realized. The tax obligation is not passed through to individual unit holders or investors. This unique taxation structure is a disadvantage for hedge funds in India, as it adds an additional layer of tax burden at the fund level.

The high tax burden imposed on hedge funds has been cited as one of the reasons why they have struggled to gain traction in India. Taxes being withheld before profits are distributed significantly affects the returns that ultimately end up with domestic investors.

Despite their high returns and ability to diversify portfolios, this taxation structure is a deterrent for plenty of capacity investors who can also seek more excellent favourable tax treatment elsewhere. As a result, hedge funds face challenges in attracting sufficient capital and growing their presence in the Indian marketplace.

While there are advantages related to investing in hedge funds because of their numerous strategies and ability to generate higher returns, it’s crucial for potential investors to carefully recollect all components, along with taxation implications, before making any funding decisions.

Best Hedge Funds in India

When it involves investing in hedge funds in India, there are several top players that have made a name for themselves. These hedge funds have established track records and boast attractive returns for their investors.

Here are a few of the best hedge funds in India:

  1. Renaissance Technologies: Known for its quantitative trading strategies, Renaissance Technologies has consistently delivered strong performance over the years. Their innovative approach to investing has attracted many investors looking for high returns.
  2. Millennium Management, LLC: With a global presence, Millennium Management is one of the largest hedge fund corporations in the world. They employ diverse strategies across various asset classes to generate alpha for their clients.
  3. AQR Capital Management: AQR Capital Management specializes in systematic investment strategies and alternative risk premia. Their disciplined investing technique has earned them recognition as one of the leading names in the industry.
  4. Citadel LLC: Citadel LLC is known for understanding more than one asset class, together with equities, fixed profits, commodities, and currencies. Their proficient group of traders and analysts strives to deliver regular returns while managing risk efficiently.
  5. Two Sigma: Utilizing advanced technology and data-driven models, Two Sigma aims to generate superior investment results across global markets. They focus on applying quantitative techniques to identify opportunities and manage risks efficiently.

These top hedge funds provide investors with unique investment strategies that can yield high returns. However, it is critical to consider that investing in hedge funds contains inherent risks and requires cautious attention earlier than committing sizeable capital.


Investing in hedge funds in India can be a lucrative opportunity for authorized traders willing to take on higher risks for higher returns. However, it’s critical to understand that a hedge budget includes a personal set of demanding situations and considerations.

Before diving into hedge fund investments, it is crucial for investors to thoroughly evaluate their financial goals, risk tolerance, and personal investment strategy. It may be wise for beginners to gain experience in other investment avenues before considering hedge funds or seeking guidance from trusted professionals.

While several reputable hedge fund firms operate in India, such as Renaissance Technologies, Millennium Management LLC., AQR Capital Management, Citadel LLC., and Two Sigma, among others, conducting thorough due diligence is essential before committing any capital.

In conclusion, investing money in hedge funds requires careful consideration of individual circumstances and preferences. Investors should weigh the potential benefits against the associated risks before making decisions.

FAQs – How to Invest in Hedge Funds in India?

Why no hedge funds in India?

Hedge funds are subject to fund-level taxes. Investors or unit holders won’t be burdened with the tax obligation. This could be among the factors preventing them from becoming successful in India. The heavy tax burden serves as a disincentive.

To invest in a hedge fund, do you have to be an accredited investor?

To invest in hedge funds, you must typically meet specific income or asset requirements and be an accredited investor. Typical investors are affluent individuals and institutional investors like insurance companies and pension funds.

Can a normal person start a hedge fund?

Sure, you could use a “friends and family” strategy, start with less money, go through a hedge fund incubator, or focus only on high-net-worth individuals. However, if you begin with, let’s say, $5 million, you will need more money to hire people, pay yourself, or even pay for overhead.

What is the 2 20 rule for hedge funds?

The two and twenty is the typical fee schedule that venture capital firms apply to their investors. The fund charges investors an annual fee of 2% to manage the fund. And the fund managers’ cut of the upside is 20%.


This article is only for informational purposes and should not be considered financial advice. Always do thorough research before making any investment decisions.

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